2019 Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, Didier Queloz

Posted by Sarkari Result Mar 27, 2020 04:42 IST

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2019 Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, Didier Queloz:- The 2019 Nobel prize in physics is awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, Didier Queloz for their work on discerning of the universe’s structure and history, and the first discovery of a planet orbiting a solar-type star outside our solar system. The prize is awarded since 1901, the recent award in 2019 was 9 million Swedish krona.

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The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, founded in 1739, is an independent organization whose overall objective is to promote the sciences and strengthen their influence in society. The Academy takes special responsibility for the natural sciences and mathematics, but endeavors to promote the exchange of ideas between various disciplines. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2019.

History of Nobel Prize in Physics

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
  • The Nobel Prize has categorized in five fields that are Physics, Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine.
  • The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to a German physicist Wilhelm Rontgen in the esteem of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays.
  • Nobel award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and known as the most prestigious award that a scientist can receive in the field of physics.

India in Nobel Prize of Physics

Well, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman is only Indian who won the Nobel prize in 1930 for their Worked on the scattering of light effect.

Nobel Prize Winner List in Physics (1901-2019)

Name Year: Citizen Explanation
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 1901: Germany Discovery of the remarkable rays
Hendrik Lorentz 1902: Netherlands Worked on the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena
Pieter Zeeman
Antoine Henri Becquerel 1903: France Spontaneous radioactivity
Pierre Curie Radiation phenomena
Maria Skłodowska-Curie 1903: Poland/France
Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard 1905: Austria-Hungary Worked on cathode rays
Guglielmo Marconi 1909: Italy Development of wireless telegraphy
Karl Ferdinand Braun 1909: Germany
Max Planck 1918: Germany Discovered energy quanta
Johannes Stark 1919: Germany Discovered Doppler effect in canal rays
Albert Einstein 1921: Germany-Switzerland For the discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect
Niels Bohr 1922: Denmark Investigated the structure of atoms
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman 1930: India Worked on the scattering of light
Werner Heisenberg 1932: Germany Created quantum mechanics
Erwin Schrödinger 1933: Austria Discovered productive forms of atomic theory
Paul Dirac 1933: United Kingdom
James Chadwick 1935: UK Discovered Neutron
Victor Francis Hess 1936: Austria Discovered cosmic radiation
Willis Eugene Lamb 1955: US Discovered the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum
Emilio Gino Segrè 1959: Italy Discovered the antiproton
Owen Chamberlain 1959: US
Lev Davidovich Landau 1962: Soviet Union Theories for condensed matter
Maria Goeppert-Mayer 1963: US Discovered nuclear shell structure
J. Hans D. Jensen 1963: Germany
Hans Albrecht Bethe 1967: US Worked on the theory of nuclear reactions
Murray Gell-Mann 1969: US Classification of elementary particles and their interaction
Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén 1970: Sweden Worked on plasma physics
Louis Néel 1970: France Worked solid-state physics (antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism)
Dennis Gabor 1971: Hungary-UK Developed the holographic method
John Bardeen 1972: US Developed the theory of superconductivity
Leon Neil Cooper
John Robert Schrieffer
Arno Allan Penzias 1978: US Discovered cosmic microwave background radiation
Robert Woodrow Wilson
Nicolaas Bloembergen 1981: Netherlands-US Developed laser spectroscopy
Arthur Leonard Schawlow 1981: US
Ernst Ruska 1986: Germany Designed the first electron microscope
Johannes Georg Bednorz 1987: Germany Discovered the superconductivity in ceramic materials
Karl Alexander Müller 1987: Switzerland
Robert B. Laughlin 1998: US Discovered a new form of quantum fluid
Horst Ludwig Störmer 1998: Germany
Daniel Chee Tsui 1998: China-US
Jack St. Clair Kilby 2000: US Developed integrated circuit
Riccardo Giacconi 2002: Italy-US Discovered cosmic X-ray sources
Roy J. Glauber 2005: US Worked on the quantum theory of optical coherence
Willard S. Boyle 2009: Canada-US Invented an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor
George E. Smith 2009: US
Takaaki Kajita 2015: Japan Discovered neutrino oscillations, which illustrations that the neutrinos have mass
Arthur B. McDonald 2015: Canada
David J. Thouless 20016: United Kingdom Discovered topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter”
F. Duncan M. Haldane 2016: United Kingdom, Slovenia
John M. Kosterlitz 2016: United Kingdom, United States
Kip Thorne 2017: United States Contribution for laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory (LIGO) detector and the observation of gravitational waves
Rainer Weiss 2017: Germany, United States
Barry Barish 2017: United States
Arthur Ashkin 2018: United States Inventions in the field of laser physics
Gérard Mourou 2018: France
Donna Strickland 2018: Canada
James Peebles 2019: Canada, United States Invention for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology.
Michel Mayor 2019: Switzerland Invention for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.
Didier Queloz 2019: Switzerland

Source – The Nobel Prize Organization

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